Who initiates the development of a standard?
Standards are developed on a demand basis. The need for a new standard can be initiated by any individual such as; a manufacturer, an institution, a consumer or a civil society.
A new standard is developed when it is realized that there is a need for the standard e.g. a new type of product or a new process that may need to be standardized, regulated or promoted.
What is the role of UNBS?
The role of UNBS is to manage the process of standards development. UNBS does this through internationally recognized best practices. UNBS establishes and supports technical committees and process the draft standards for approval. UNBS also publishes the standards and makes them available to the public.
How are standards developed?
Uganda Standards are developed through technical committees (TCs).
A technical committee consists of representatives of all interested stakeholders and is established to deliberate on standards in a given field or area.
TCs bring together interested stakeholders such as manufacturers, traders, consumers, regulators, civil society, and other partners to discuss standards.
UNBS has created 87 Technical Committees
Draft Uganda Standards adopted by technical committees are widely circulated to stakeholders (national and international) and the general public for comments.
Technical committees review and resolve all the comments received before presenting the final draft standards to the National Standards Council (NSC). The NSC approves and declares the standards as Uganda Standards.
The process of developing Uganda standards goes through the following stages;
Proposal stage (Stage 1)
The proposal stage is the stage at which the Secretariat receives a proposition for a new Uganda Standard and decides either to prepare a formal New Work Item Proposal (NWIP) for submission to
the UNBS management or not. The proposal may come from industry, government, organisations or individuals. The decision to submit a proposal as work item or not shall be based on an assessment of market relevance, and cost of development. The TC shall review the proposal and submit it for approval by UNBS management and subsequent formal allocation to a relevant TC or SC considering all interests. The proposal shall then be accorded project status before the secretariat starts the technical work.
Preparatory stage (Stage 2)
The preparatory stage covers the preparation of a WD. An indigenous WD may only be developed by the Project Secretariat should no international or regional standard be readily available for direct
adoption as a CD. Sometimes a working group (WG) may be formed to draft the standards as input into the TC.
Committee stage (Stage 3)
The committee stage is the stage at which comments on the Committee Draft (CD) from the TC are received, and consensus is built for progression of the draft to the enquiry stage. Consensus building
may be by correspondence, but normally a meeting may be arranged.
Public enquiry stage (Stage 4)
The enquiry stage is the stage at which the DUS is circulated for comments (both nationally and internationally) in accordance with WTO/TBT requirements (60 days for indigenous standards and 30
days for adopted international standards).
Confirmation stage (Stage 5)
The confirmation stage is the stage at which after the public enquiry (public comments stage) the TC considers all comments. Once the committee has agreed to the final text of the DUS, all the significant technical changes are included and the DUS is confirmed and elevated to Final Draft Uganda Standard (FDUS) and recommended to the NSC for approval and declaration a US.
Approval and declaration stage (Stage 6)
The approval stage is the stage at which the FDUS is approved by the NSC and declared as Uganda Standard (US).
Declaration of mandatory standards (technical regulations) (Stage 7)
This is the stage at which Uganda standards, whose implementation is viewed as the only way of achieving its objectives, are declared for mandatory application in accordance with the UNBS Act
(Cap 327, as amended), (Under section 18 (1) (a).
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